This is a draft entry for the DBMS2 analytic glossary. Please comment with any ideas you have for its improvement!
Note: Words and phrases in italics will be linked to other entries when the glossary is complete.
“In-database analytics” is a catch-all term for analytic capabilities, beyond standard SQL, running on the same machine as and under the management of an analytic DBMS. These can run in one or both of two modes:
- In-process or unfenced, i.e. in the same process as the DBMS itself. This option gives maximum performance, but any defects in the analytic code may crash the whole DBMS. Also, it generally requires that the code be in the same language as the DBMS, i.e. C++.
- Out-of-process or fenced, i.e. in a separate process. This option sacrifices performance, in favor of reliability and language flexibility.
In-database analytics may offer great performance and scalability advantages versus the alternative of extracting data and having it be processed on a separate server. This is particularly likely to be the case in MPP (Massively Parallel Processing) analytic DBMS environments.
Examples of in-database analytics include:
- Creating temporary data structures that persist past the life of a query.
- Creating temporary data structures that are non-tabular.
- Predictive modeling that uses all the same nodes in an MPP cluster where the data resides.
- Predictive analytics (scoring only).
Other common domains for in-database analytics include sessionization, time series analysis, and relationship analytics.
Notable products offering in-database analytics include:
- Teradata Aster SQL/MR.
- Multiple other analytic platforms, such as Sybase IQ, Vertica, or IBM Netezza. Indeed, in-database analytics are a defining feature of analytic platforms.
- Fuzzy Logix (for predictive analytics).