Imagine a website whose purpose is to encourage consumers to take actions — for example to click on an ad, click on the next page, or actually make a purchase. Best practices for such a site include:
- An ever-evolving user experience, informed by — among other factors — creativity, brand identity, the vendor’s evolving product line itself, and …
- … predictive modeling.
- Personalization based on predictive modeling.
Those predictive models themselves will keep changing, because:
- Organizations learn.
- Consumer tastes change.
- More or different kinds of data keep becoming available.
In that situation, what would it mean to offer the website owner a predictive modeling “application”? Read more
I recently proposed a 2×2 matrix of BI use cases:
- Is there an operational business process involved?
- Is there a focus on root cause analysis?
Let me now introduce another 2×2 matrix of analytic scenarios:
- Is there a compelling need for super-fresh data?
- Who’s consuming the results — humans or machines?
My point is that there are at least three different cool things people might think about when they want their analytics to be very fast:
- Fast investigative analytics — e.g., business intelligence with great query response.
- Computations on very fresh data, presented to humans — e.g. “heartbeat” graphics monitoring a network.
- Computations on very fresh data, presented back to a machine — e.g., a recommendation engine that includes makes good use of data about a user’s last few seconds of actions.
There’s also one slightly boring one that however drives a lot of important applications: Read more
|Categories: Business intelligence, Complex event processing (CEP), Games and virtual worlds, Log analysis, Predictive modeling and advanced analytics, Splunk, WibiData||5 Comments|
I visited my clients at Cloudera and Hortonworks last week, along with scads of other companies. A few of the takeaways were:
- Cloudera now has 220 employees.
- Cloudera now has over 100 subscription customers.
- Over the past year, Cloudera has more than doubled in size by every reasonable metric.
- Over half of Cloudera’s customers use HBase, vs. a figure of 18+ last July.
- Omer Trajman — who by the way has made a long-overdue official move into technical marketing — can no longer keep count of how many petabyte-scale Hadoop clusters Cloudera supports.
- Cloudera gets the majority of its revenue from subscriptions. However, professional services and training continue to be big businesses too.
- Cloudera has trained over 12,000 people.
- Hortonworks is training people too.
- Hortonworks now has 70 employees, and plans to have 100 or so by the end of this quarter.
- A number of those Hortonworks employees are executives who come from seriously profit-oriented backgrounds. Hortonworks clearly has capitalist intentions.
- Hortonworks thinks a typical enterprise Hadoop cluster has 20-50 nodes, with 50-100 already being on the large side.
- There are huge amounts of Elastic MapReduce/Hadoop processing in the Amazon cloud. Some estimates say it’s the majority of all Amazon Web Services processing.
- I met with 4 young-company clients who I regard as building vertical analytic stacks (WibiData, MarketShare, MetaMarkets, and ClearStory). All 4 are heavily dependent on Hadoop. (The same isn’t as true of older companies who built out a lot of technology before Hadoop was invented.)
- There should be more HBase information at HBaseCon on May 22.
- If MapR still has momentum, nobody I talked with has noticed.
|Categories: Amazon and its cloud, ClearStory Data, Cloud computing, Cloudera, Hadoop, HBase, Hortonworks, MapR, MapReduce, Market share and customer counts, Petabyte-scale data management, WibiData||1 Comment|
- This is a list of Monash Advantage members.
- All our vendor clients are Monash Advantage members, unless …
- … we work with them primarily in their capacity as technology users. (A large fraction of our user clients happen to be SaaS vendors.)
- We do not usually disclose our user clients.
- We do not usually disclose our venture capital clients, nor those who invest in publicly-traded securities.
- Excluded from this round of disclosure is one vendor I have never written about.
- Included in this round of disclosure is one client paying for services partly in stock. All our other clients are cash-only.
For reasons explained below, I’ll group the clients geographically. Obviously, companies often have multiple locations, but this is approximately how it works from the standpoint of their interactions with me. Read more
The most straightforward approach to the applications business is:
- Take general-purpose technology and think through how to apply it to a specific application domain.
- Produce packaged application software accordingly.
However, this strategy is not as successful in analytics as in the transactional world, for two main reasons:
- Analytic applications of that kind are rarely complete.
- Incomplete applications rarely sell well.
I first realized all this about a decade ago, after Henry Morris coined the term analytic applications and business intelligence companies thought it was their future. In particular, when Dave Kellogg ran marketing for Business Objects, he rattled off an argument to the effect that Business Objects had generated more analytic app revenue over the lifetime of the company than Cognos had. I retorted, with only mild hyperbole, that the lifetime numbers he was citing amounted to “a bad week for SAP”. Somewhat hoist by his own petard, Dave quickly conceded that he agreed with my skepticism, and we changed the subject accordingly.
Reasons that analytic applications are commonly less complete than the transactional kind include: Read more
|Categories: Business intelligence, Business Objects, Data mart outsourcing, Investment research and trading, Log analysis, Metamarkets and Druid, Oracle, SAP AG, SAS Institute, Web analytics, WibiData||17 Comments|
My clients at Odiago, vendors of WibiData, have changed their company name simply to WibiData. Even better, they blogged with more detail as to how WibiData works, in what is essentially a follow-on to my original WibiData post last October. Among other virtues, WibiData turns out to be a poster child for my views on derived data and the corresponding schema evolution.
Interesting quotes include:
WibiData is designed to store … transactional data side-by-side with profile and other derived data attributes.
… the ability to add new ad-hoc columns to a table enables more flexible analysis: output data that is the result of one analytic pipeline is stored adjacent to its input data, meaning that you can easily use this as input to second- or third-order derived data as well.
schemas can vary over time; you can easily add a field to a record, or delete a field. … But even though you start collecting that new data, your existing analysis pipelines can treat records like they always did; programs that don’t yet know about the new cookie are still compatible with both the old records already collected, and the new records with the additional field. New programs fill in default values for old data recorded before a field was added, applying the new schema at read time.
schemas for every column are stored in a data dictionary that matches column names with their schemas, as well as human-readable descriptions of the data.
Interesting aspects of the post that don’t lend themselves as well to being excerpted include:
- How the Produce-Gather “analysis calculus” — i.e. framework — works.
- How this all ties into Apache projects (and sub-projects) such as Hadoop, HBase, and Avro.
|Categories: Data models and architecture, Data warehousing, Derived data, NoSQL, WibiData||3 Comments|
Christophe Bisciglia and Aaron Kimball have a new company.
- It’s called Odiago, and is one of my gratifyingly more numerous tiny clients.
- Odiago’s product line is called WibiData, after the justly popular We Be Sushi restaurants.
- We’ve agreed on a split exclusive de-stealthing launch. You can read about the company/founder/investor stuff on TechCrunch. But this is the place for — well, for the tech crunch.
WibiData is designed for management of, investigative analytics on, and operational analytics on consumer internet data, the main examples of which are web site traffic and personalization and their analogues for games and/or mobile devices. The core WibiData technology, built on HBase and Hadoop,* is a data management and analytic execution layer. That’s where the secret sauce resides. Also included are:
- REST APIs for interactive access.
- Import/export tools, including JDBC access.
- Management tools.
- Analytic libraries — data mining, predictive analytics, machine learning, and so on.
The whole thing is in beta, with about three (paying) beta customers.
*And Avro and so on.
The core ideas of WibiData include:
- ALL data pertaining to a single user (or mobile device) is kept in a single, possibly very long, HBase row.
- There are two primary operators in WibiData, Produce and Gather.
- Produce operates on single rows. It can operate on one row at HBase speed (milliseconds) if you need to inform an interactive user response. Or it can operate on the whole database in batch via Hadoop MapReduce.
- It is reasonable to think of Produce as mainly doing two things. One is the aforementioned serving of data out of WibiData into interactive applications. The other is scoring, classifying, recommending, etc. on individual users (i.e. rows), in line with an analytic model.
- Gather typically operates on all your rows at once, and emits suitable input for a MapReduce Reduce step. It is reasonable to think of Gather as being a key cog in the training of analytic models.
- HBase schema management is done at the WibiData system level, not directly in applications. There’s a WibiData HBase data dictionary, powered by a set of system tables, that specifies cell data types/record types and, in effect, primitive schemas.
|Categories: Data models and architecture, Hadoop, HBase, NoSQL, Predictive modeling and advanced analytics, Web analytics, WibiData||14 Comments|